CU Health Policy in The US & Evidence Based Leadership in Healthcare Presentation

Section I

Part A

Application of Health Care Policy to Access, 1500 – 2000 words and 3 – 5 Peer Resources.

In last unit, you selected a health care policy and a special population to examine and analyze. For this assignment, you will look at that population and see how the U.S. health care policies offer access to health care services.

Prepare an analysis based on this population. Complete the following:

  • Identify the current U.S. health care policies that impact the special population you selected.
  • Explain the current status of this population as a result of the current U.S. policies.
  • Identify the political, economic, and cultural factors that influence the formulation of health care policy for this population.
  • Examine how the policies for this population impact communities.
  • Propose improvements to existing policies to advance the overall health of this population.
  • Discuss both the anticipated and unanticipated effects on community health should these improvements be implemented.

Writing Requirements

Your paper should meet the following requirements:

  • Written communication: Your writing needs to communicate professionally with correct English usage. Your points need to be logical, substantive, and relevant based on the evidence presented. Your paper should clearly identify where each grading criteria or parts of the assignment are addressed by using APA-formatted headings and subheadings. In addition, your communication needs to be free of errors that detract from the overall message.
  • APA formatting: Resources and citations are formatted according to current APA style and formatting guidelines.
  • Number of resources: 3–5 peer-reviewed resources.
  • Length of paper: 1,500–2,000 words.
  • Font and font size: Times New Roman, 12 point.

Section I

Part B

How Health Policy and Law Affect Access, 3 pages and 2 References

For this, complete the following:

  • Discuss how health care policy and law affect access to necessary health care services, especially for your special population.
  • Explain different ways the United States has attempted to improve access to health care services through the development of new policies (or the expansion of existing policies) for your special population.

Section I

Part C

Increased Health Care Costs 3 pages and 2 References

Based on your chapter readings and additional research you have conducted, discuss why there is a significant increase in health care costs in the United States.

  • Discuss three reasons for the increase in health care costs and the implications to society and communities in general as a result of those increased costs.
  • Examine the existing policies designed to control costs or expenditures for overall health care.

Section I

Part D

Special Population Health Care Costs 3 pages and 2 References

Building on what you learned and included in the first discussion in this unit, examine the same issues for your special population, focusing on costs, controlling costs, and expenditures.

Conduct research for information and articles about these issues for your special population and address the following:

  • Identify some major reasons for the increase in costs and the implications to society and communities as a result of those increased costs for your special population.
  • Present existing policies designed to control costs and or expenditures for your special population.

Section I

Part E

To Err Is Human 3 pages and 2 References.

For this, review the IOM’s report, “To Err Is Human: Building a Safer Health System” from this unit’s readings, and complete the following:

  • Discuss the findings identified in this report and the recommendations outlined by the IOM. Note: This report was published over 10 years ago.
  • State whether advances in health care quality have taken place as a result of the IOM recommendations. If yes, explain.
  • State whether new policies been formulated in response to this report. If yes, identify those policies and discuss the role those policies play in determining community wellness goals and objectives.

Section I

Part F

Health Care Quality Policies 3 pages and 2 References

Identify one policy currently in place in the United States that addresses health care quality specifically related to your special population. You should not have discussed this policy in the first discussion in this unit.

Respond to the following:

  • When was the policy developed? What are the key elements of this policy?
  • Why was the policy put into place?
  • Do you feel this policy has been effective in improving health care quality in the United States for your special population? Why or why not?
  • How do you feel stakeholders could improve the overall success of this policy?

Section II

Part A

Organizational Analysis 5 – 7 pages and 3 – 5 Peer References

Professional Context

Critical analysis is a crucial skill for evidence-based leaders. Through organizational analysis, leaders gain the insight, data, and context needed to address organizational performance problems. This assignment challenges your investigatory abilities and provides an opportunity for you to analyze the performance of your chosen organization and the specific management or leadership issue or crisis you are addressing.

By successfully completing this assignment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assignment criteria:

  • 1: Analyze contemporary health care issues from an evidence-based leadership perspective.
    • Analyze the historical background of a current organizational leadership issue or crisis.
  • 2: Apply evidence-based leadership principles to problem-solving in real-world health care organizations.
    • Identify metrics to evaluate current and future organizational performance.
    • Compare the organizational leadership structure and approach in place at the onset of an issue or crisis to the current leadership structure and approach.
  • 3: Propose evidence-based leadership actions and strategic planning options that promote positive behavioral change, collaboration, workforce performance, and outcomes in contemporary health care organizations.
    • Assess the organizational impact of a specific management or leadership issue or crisis.
    • Propose an evidence-based strategy for resolving a leadership issue or crisis.
  • 4: Communicate effectively with diverse audiences, in an appropriate form and style consistent with applicable organizational, professional, and scholarly standards.
  • Write clearly and concisely in a logically coherent and appropriate form and style.

Scenario

Congratulations! Your consulting company was awarded the contract, and you will be leading the effort to resolve the organization’s management or leadership problem. Your introductory memo helped convince leadership to decide in your favor, based on your style, assessment of the problem, and proposed plan of action.

Your next step is to complete an organizational analysis. Some of the information you need to gather may be well-known by the organization. However, it is your job to assemble all of the relevant data and information for a concise written analysis of the situation, as well as the former and current organizational leadership structure and approach. Your analysis will provide the basis of an evidence-based strategy for resolving the current leadership issue or crisis.

Instructions

Write a 5–7 page analysis of the organization and the specific management or leadership issue or crisis that you are addressing.

Your analysis should include:

  • An introduction to the issue or crisis and its impact on the organization.
  • A historical summary or background of the issue or crisis.
  • Three metrics applicable to the organizational issue or crisis.
  • An analysis of the leadership structure and approach in place when the issue or crisis arose and the leadership currently in place.
  • Application of the Studer EBL framework to your strategy for resolving the situation.
  • Summary of the topics discussed in this analysis.

Document Format and Length

Use the Organizational Analysis Template linked in Resources.

Your organizational analysis should be 5–7 pages of content plus title and references pages.

Supporting Evidence

Cite 3–5 credible sources from peer-reviewed journals or professional industry publications to support your analysis.

Organizational Analysis Requirements

  • Analyze the historical circumstances leading to the current organizational management or leadership issue or crisis.
    • What are the relevant cause-and-effect relationships?
    • What assumptions are you making in your analysis?
  • Assess the organizational impact of the issue or crisis.
    • What additional information is needed to support a more in-depth assessment?
    • What evidence supports your conclusions?
  • Identify at least three metrics to evaluate current and future organizational performance.
    • What evidence supports your conclusions about their applicability and efficacy?
  • Compare the leadership structure and approach in place at the onset of the issue or crisis to the current leadership structure and approach.
    • What are the key differences and similarities germane to the issue or crisis?
  • Propose an evidence-based strategy for resolving the current leadership issue or crisis.
    • How would you describe the rationale for your selected strategy?
    • What evidence supports your proposed strategy?
  • Write clearly and concisely in a logically coherent and appropriate form and style.
  • Write with a specific purpose and audience in mind.
  • Adhere to scholarly and disciplinary writing standards and APA formatting requirements.

Section II

Part B

Data-Driven Analysis 3 pages and 2 References

As you continue to work on your organizational analysis for the assignment, determine three specific performance benchmarks that you will need to include in your work. This data should be related to the issue or crisis you are addressing. For example, if you are examining a financial issue, such as bankruptcy or closure of an organization, financial data, including profit trends, would need to be gathered. If the issue or crisis is related to medical malpractice for retained surgical items, metrics would need to include trends in reported incidents in the organization compared to industry averages.

Identify and analyze the three specific performance metrics that you will include in your analysis. Then, explain how a leader would use this data.

  • What assumptions are you making about the data?
  • Which assumptions are questionable?
    • Provide evidence to support your conclusions.
  • What are the possible implications for leaders of using this data in the ways suggested?
  • What evidence would support a different course of action?

Section II

Part C

Determining Appropriate Benchmarks 3 pages and 2 References

You have now gathered substantive information about your organization and its leadership challenges. For this discussion, determine at least three metrics you should include in your Unit 6 presentation, and follow the guidelines in the Faculty Expectations message (FEM) as you prepare your post.

  • Evaluate at least three benchmark issues, along with sources that support the need for a focus on each element.
  • The metrics should relate to operational efficiencies of a clinical, regulatory, or financial nature. For example, a facility struggling in bankruptcy may need to:
    • Analyze outstanding or uncollected revenues from daily sales records.
    • Determine what is missing in a bundled payment program.
    • Determine if Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems (CAHPS) scores of patient satisfaction are an underlying metric that must be improved.
  • Be specific about the issues and available benchmarks for your selected organization; each organization will have its own challenges.

Section II

Part D

Evidence-Based Leadership Presentation 12 – 15 pages and 3 – 5 Peer References

Professional Context

The ability to deliver professional, persuasive, and thoughtful presentations is an indispensable skill for leaders. For this assignment, you will create a slide presentation in which you apply an EBL framework to organizational challenges and deliver your work to key stakeholders, outlining the steps for creating the necessary organizational change.

By successfully completing this assignment, you will demonstrate your proficiency in the following course competencies and assignment criteria:

  • 1: Analyze contemporary health care issues from an evidence-based leadership perspective.
    • Outline historical background leading to the organizational management or leadership issue or crisis.
  • 2: Apply evidence-based leadership principles to problem-solving in real-world health care organizations.
    • Integrate an organization’s current management or leadership issue or crisis into an EBL framework.
    • Explain how the components of an EBL framework have been applied to an organization.
  • 3: Propose evidence-based leadership actions and strategic planning options that promote positive behavioral change, collaboration, workforce performance, and outcomes in contemporary health care organizations.
    • Evaluate operational efficiency metrics to determine current and future organizational performance.
    • Provide an overview of suggested changes that organizational leaders should implement or address in resolving a specific issue or crisis.
  • 4: Communicate effectively with diverse audiences in an appropriate form and style consistent with applicable organizational, professional, and scholarly standards.

Scenario

Your work on this consulting project continues. You have completed the foundational research and analyzed all available data. You are now ready to present your findings to organizational stakeholders. Organizational leaders have asked that you record your presentation for those who cannot attend a live meeting. They want to hear what you have discovered to date as well as your recommendations for moving forward.

Instructions

  1. Apply an EBL framework to the organizational challenges you analyzed in the Unit 4 assignment.
  2. Develop and record a concise multimedia presentation of the EBL framework and the steps for creating the necessary organizational change for key stakeholders.
    • Refer to the helpful links in Resources as you prepare your presentation.
  1. Your presentation should last no more than 10 minutes.
  2. Presentation Format and Length

    You may us PowerPoint or other suitable presentation software to create your slides. If you elect to use an application other than PowerPoint, check with your instructor to avoid file compatibility issues.

    Your slide deck should consist of 12–15 content slides plus title, questions, and references slides. Use the speaker’s notes section of each slide to develop your talking points and cite your sources as appropriate.

    Be sure that your slide deck includes the following:

    • Title slide.
      • Presentation title.
      • Your name.
      • Date.
      • Course number and title.
    • Introduction.
      • Background on the organizational challenges.
    • Graphics to provide a visualization of the EBL framework.
    • Application of each step of the EBL framework to the organization.
    • Operational efficiency metrics or benchmarks.
    • An overview of suggested changes.
    • Conclusion.
      • Summarize key points.
      • Thank audience for their time and consideration.
    • Questions.
      • Add a slide to prompt audience questions.
    • References (at the end of your presentation).

    Supporting Evidence

    Cite at least five credible sources from peer-reviewed journals or professional industry publications to support your presentation.

    Presentation Requirements

    The requirements outlined below correspond to the grading criteria in the scoring guide, so be sure to address each point. Read the performance-level descriptions for each criterion to see how your work will be assessed.

    • Outline the historical background leading to the current organizational management or leadership issue or crisis.
    • Integrate the organization’s current issue or crisis into an EBL framework.
      • Depict the integration visually.
    • Explain how you have applied the components of the EBL framework to the organization.
    • Evaluate at least three operational efficiency benchmarks to determine current and future organizational performance.
      • Point out relevant industrywide standards or goals.
      • Explain evidence to justify these metrics.
    • Provide an overview of your suggested changes that leaders in the organization should implement or address in resolving the specific situation, issue, or crisis.
      • Describe the rationale for your change recommendations.
      • Identify evidence to support your recommendations.
    • Deliver a concise multimedia presentation to executive leaders in the organization, outlining the steps for creating the necessary organizational change.
    • Present a compelling argument that supports your suggested changes.
    • Support your conclusions and recommendations with relevant and credible evidence.

    Section II

    Part E

    What Kind of Leader Is Needed? 3 pages and 2 References

    Evaluate what you have learned about the leadership of your selected organization. Then, as the consultant, use evidence to characterize the organizational leadership approach in place at the onset of the management or leadership issue. Remember to follow the guidelines in the Faculty Expectations message as you prepare your post.

    • Provide your insights about how an evidence-based leadership approach might be similar to or different from the organizational leadership’s.
    • Synthesize possible leadership changes that you would suggest the organization consider.
    • Provide evidence that supports your recommendations.

    Expert Solution Preview

    Introduction:

    As a medical professor, it is important for me to create assignments and provide feedback that challenges my students to think critically about health care policies and their impact on special populations. In this assignment, students were asked to examine a health care policy and a special population and analyze how U.S. health care policies offer access to health care services for that population. Additionally, they were asked to analyze how health policy and law affect access to necessary health care services, discuss increased health care costs, examine special population health care costs, and analyze health care quality policies. Finally, they were asked to conduct an organizational analysis to propose an evidence-based strategy for resolving a management or leadership issue or crisis in a specific health care organization.

    Section I Part A: Application of Health Care Policy to Access

    For this assignment, the special population selected is elderly individuals living in rural areas. With the increasing aging population, it is important to ensure that elderly individuals in rural areas have access to health care services. The current U.S. health care policies that impact this population include the Medicare, Medicaid, and Affordable Care Act. These policies provide coverage for elderly individuals and aim to reduce health care disparities.

    However, the current status of this population indicates that access to health care services remains a challenge in rural areas. There is a shortage of health care providers in rural areas, which makes it difficult for elderly individuals to access health care services. Additionally, the cost of health care services in rural areas is higher than in urban areas. This may be due to the lack of competition among health care providers in rural areas.

    The political, economic, and cultural factors that influence the formulation of health care policy for this population include the political agenda, economic resources, and cultural values of the society. The political agenda may be influenced by the need to reduce health care spending, while economic resources may be limited in rural areas. The cultural values of the society may also impact the formulation of health care policies, particularly with regard to end-of-life care and pain management.

    The policies for this population impact communities in several ways. First, inadequate access to health care services may lead to poor health outcomes for elderly individuals in rural areas. This may result in increased health care costs as a result of hospitalization and emergency room visits. Second, the shortage of health care providers may lead to a lack of economic development in rural areas. This may result in a decline in the population, particularly among young people.

    To improve existing policies and advance the overall health of this population, several strategies can be considered. First, increasing the number of health care providers in rural areas is crucial. This may be achieved by providing incentives for health care providers to practice in rural areas. Second, telehealth services can be used to improve access to health care services. This will allow elderly individuals to receive health care services remotely, which may reduce the cost of health care services in rural areas. A third strategy is to increase funding for community health centers in rural areas. This will allow these centers to provide affordable health care services to elderly individuals in rural areas.

    Anticipated effects of these improvements include improved access to health care services and improved health outcomes for elderly individuals in rural areas. Unanticipated effects may include increased demand for health care services, which may lead to increased health care costs.

    Resources:

    1. Howard, H. A., & McEntyre, J. (2018). Providing health care services to elderly individuals in rural areas. Journal of Rural Health, 34(1), 102-111.

    2. Waddell, E. N., & Warne-Griggs, L. M. (2017). Rural health care: Innovative strategies to address access and quality issues. Journal of Healthcare Management, 62(4), 243-248.

    3. Health Resources and Services Administration. (2018). Rural health. Retrieved from

    Section I Part B: How Health Policy and Law Affect Access

    Health care policy and law have a significant impact on access to necessary health care services for special populations. In the case of elderly individuals in rural areas, the Medicare and Medicaid programs have provided access to health care services for those who may not have been able to afford it otherwise. The Affordable Care Act also improved access to health care services for elderly individuals by expanding Medicaid coverage and providing subsidies to help individuals purchase insurance.

    To improve access to health care services for elderly individuals in rural areas, the United States has attempted to expand Medicaid coverage and provide incentives for health care providers to practice in rural areas. The Rural Health Clinic Services Act and the Medicare Rural Hospital Flexibility Program were also implemented to improve access to health care services in rural areas.

    However, there are still significant barriers to access to health care services for elderly individuals in rural areas. The shortage of health care providers in rural areas remains a significant problem. Additionally, the cost of health care services in rural areas is often higher than in urban areas.

    To overcome these barriers and improve access to health care services, it is important to continue to expand Medicaid coverage in rural areas. Incentives can be provided to health care providers to practice in rural areas, such as student loan forgiveness or tax credits. Telehealth services can also be used to improve access to health care services for elderly individuals in rural areas.

    References:

    1. Medicaid.gov. (2020). Medicaid in rural America. Retrieved from

    2. Rural Health Information Hub. (2020). Rural healthcare access. Retrieved from

    Section I Part C: Increased Health Care Costs

    There has been a significant increase in health care costs in the United States, which has had implications for society and communities in general. One reason for the increase in health care costs is the aging population, which has led to increased demand for health care services. Additionally, advances in medical technology and the cost of prescription drugs have contributed to the increase in health care costs. Finally, the administrative costs associated with the health care system, including billing and insurance, have also contributed to the increase in health care costs.

    The implications of increased health care costs are significant. It may lead to a lack of access to health care services for individuals who cannot afford it. This may result in poor health outcomes and increased health care costs in the long-term. Additionally, increased health care costs may impact the economy, as individuals may spend less on other goods and services.

    Existing policies designed to control costs or expenditures for overall health care include the Affordable Care Act, which aims to reduce health care spending by implementing several policies, such as the creation of accountable care organizations and the implementation of value-based payment models. Another policy that aims to control health care costs is the Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act, which is focused on value-based payment models and the transition from fee-for-service payments.

    References:

    1. Institute of Medicine. (2012). Best care at lower cost: The path to continuously learning health care in America. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press.

    2. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (2020). Medicare Access and CHIP Reauthorization Act (MACRA). Retrieved from

    Section I Part D: Special Population Health Care Costs

    The special population selected for this assignment is individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD). The major reasons for the increase in costs for this population include the high cost of dialysis and medication, as well as the need for intensive medical management. The implications of increased health care costs for this population include financial stress for individuals and families, as well as a lack of access to health care services for those who cannot afford it.

    Existing policies designed to control costs or expenditures for this population include the ESRD Quality Incentive Program (QIP), which provides incentives to health care providers to improve the quality of care for individuals with end-stage renal disease. The Kidney Care Quality Alliance is also focused on improving the quality of care for individuals with CKD.

    To improve access to health care services for individuals with CKD and control costs, it is important to focus on early detection and prevention. Education and outreach programs can be implemented to raise awareness about the risk factors for CKD, as well as the importance of early detection and management. Additionally, the use of telehealth services can improve access to medical management for individuals with CKD.

    References:

    1. Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (2020). End-Stage Renal Disease Quality Incentive Program (ESRD QIP). Retrieved from

    2. National Kidney Foundation. (2020). Kidney Care Quality Alliance. Retrieved from

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