1. Review the following resources on APA-style citing and referencing.
- In-Text Citations: The Basics
- In-Text Citations: Author/Authors
- APA-Style References Guide and Sample References Page
- 2. Read the following course requirement for writing in Psychology courses at Post University.
For all written work in this course, it is expected that you will write using your OWN words. You are expected to discuss psychological concepts, theories, and research results. In doing so, you will learn to communicate using the “language” and terminology of psychology. Although you will learn the language of psychology, it is critical that you communicate your learning by using your own words. If you describe the theory or research results of others, you must paraphrase the main ideas in your own words (please see the first link). Paraphrasing is the only way you can clearly show your instructor what you have learned. Paraphrasing is different from summarizing. Visit the second link to learn the difference:
- 3. After watching the videos and reviewing the web links above, paraphrase the paragraph below. That is, re-write the passage in your OWN words.
“The cooperative nature of human communication and the cooperative structure of human social interaction and culture are closely related. Early forms of communication were most likely gestural in nature, including pointing and pantomiming. The cooperative nature of these gestures differs qualitatively from other primate communication, which is primarily requesting to fill immediate needs. In contrast, cooperative communication requires socio-cognitive skills of shared intentionality. While chimpanzees, with whom we share a common ancestor, do have and understand individual intentionality, most do not have the skills of shared intentionality, such as joint goals and joint attention that are necessary for cooperative communication.”
4. Cite and reference your paraphrase using APA-style. Since the passage is taken directly from your textbook, you will cite and reference this source.